Ubuntu 20.04 & VirtualBox 6.1 : Creation d’une VM MacOS Catalina

200 x served & 21 x viewed

Suite à l’update en version Ubuntu 20.04 j’ai essayé de faire une nouvelle tentative ! Ma précédente tentative ( ) : http://www.cyber-neurones.org/2020/03/script-de-creation-automatiquement-dune-machine-virtuelle-de-macos-pour-virtualbox-echec-pour-moi/

Mes versions :

$ vboxmanage --version
6.1.16_Ubuntur140961
$ cat /etc/os-release 
NAME="Ubuntu"
VERSION="20.04.1 LTS (Focal Fossa)"
ID=ubuntu
ID_LIKE=debian
PRETTY_NAME="Ubuntu 20.04.1 LTS"
VERSION_ID="20.04"
HOME_URL="https://www.ubuntu.com/"
SUPPORT_URL="https://help.ubuntu.com/"
BUG_REPORT_URL="https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/"
PRIVACY_POLICY_URL="https://www.ubuntu.com/legal/terms-and-policies/privacy-policy"
VERSION_CODENAME=focal
UBUNTU_CODENAME=focal

Il faut mettre le pack extension pour que cela fonctionne : https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/6.1.16/ .

Lancement du script :

$ ./macos-guest-virtualbox.sh
Waiting for the VirtualBox GUI to shut off.
Please wait
Catalina_BaseSystem.vdi successfully detached from
the virtual machine and released from VirtualBox Manager.

stage: create_target_virtual_disk
Creating target system virtual disk image for "macOS"
0%...10%...20%...30%...40%...50%...60%...70%...80%...90%...100%
Medium created. UUID: 10868994-4a31-4af9-bc2d-0130f283870d

stage: populate_macos_target_disk

Creating VirtualBox 6 virtual ISO containing macOS Terminal scripts
for partitioning and populating the target virtual disk.

The VM will boot from the populated installer base system virtual disk.

Attempting automated recognition of virtual machine graphical user interface.
Please wait
The second open Terminal in the virtual machine copies EFI and NVRAM files
to the target EFI system partition when the installer finishes preparing.

After the installer finishes preparing and the EFI and NVRAM files are copied,
macOS will install and boot up when booting the target disk.

Please wait

For further information, such as applying EFI and NVRAM variables to enable
iMessage connectivity, see the documentation with the following command:

./macos-guest-virtualbox.sh documentation | less -R

That's it! Enjoy your virtual machine.

stage: prompt_delete_temporary_files
Temporary files may be deleted when the virtual machine is powered off
and without a suspended state by executing the following command at the script's
working directory:

./macos-guest-virtualbox.sh prompt_delete_temporary_files

Push-button installer of macOS on VirtualBox

This script installs only open-source software and unmodified Apple binaries,
and requires about 50GB of available storage, of which 25GB are for temporary
installation files that may be deleted when the script is finished.

The script interacts with the virtual machine twice, please do not interact
with the virtual machine manually before the script is finished.

Documentation about optional configuration, iCloud and iMessage connectivity,
resuming the script by stages, and other topics can be viewed with the
following command:

  ./macos-guest-virtualbox.sh documentation | less -R

Press enter to review the script configuration

vm_name="macOS"
macOS_release_name="Catalina"    # install "HighSierra" "Mojave" "Catalina"
storage_size=80000               # VM disk image size in MB. minimum 22000
storage_format="vdi"             # VM disk image file format, "vdi" or "vmdk"
cpu_count=2                      # VM CPU cores, minimum 2
memory_size=4096                 # VM RAM in MB, minimum 2048
gpu_vram=128                     # VM video RAM in MB, minimum 34, maximum 128
resolution="1280x800"            # VM display resolution

These values may be customized as described in the documentation.

Press enter to continue, CTRL-C to exit

Catalina selected to be downloaded and installed

stage: prompt_delete_existing_vm

stage: create_vm

stage: check_default_virtual_machine

Checking that VirtualBox starts the virtual machine without errors.

Checking that VirtualBox uses hardware-supported virtualization.

stage: prepare_macos_installation_files

Downloading Apple macOS Catalina software update catalog
Catalina_sucatalog                       100%[===============================================================================>]   6,52M  1,82MB/s    in 3,6s    
Trying to find macOS Catalina InstallAssistant download URL
Catalina_sucatalog_00_InstallAssistantAu 100%[===============================================================================>]  40,05K  --.-KB/s    in 0,03s   
Found download URL: http://swcdn.apple.com/content/downloads/26/37/001-68446/r1dbqtmf3mtpikjnd04cq31p4jk91dceh8/

Downloading macOS installation files from swcdn.apple.com
Catalina_BaseSystem.chunklist            100%[===============================================================================>]   1,97K  --.-KB/s    in 0s      
Catalina_InstallInfo.plist               100%[===============================================================================>]   1,55K  --.-KB/s    in 0s      
Catalina_AppleDiagnostics.dmg            100%[===============================================================================>]   3,00M  1,64MB/s    in 1,8s    
Catalina_AppleDiagnostics.chunklist      100%[===============================================================================>]     328  --.-KB/s    in 0s      
Catalina_BaseSystem.dmg                  100%[===============================================================================>] 475,53M  1,09MB/s    in 5m 47s  
Catalina_InstallESDDmg.pkg               100%[===============================================================================>]   7,21G  1,84MB/s    in 78m 9s  

Splitting the several-GB InstallESDDmg.pkg into 1GB parts because
VirtualBox hasn't implemented UDF/HFS VISO support yet and macOS
doesn't support ISO 9660 Level 3 with files larger than 2GB.
creating file 'Catalina_InstallESD.part00'
creating file 'Catalina_InstallESD.part01'
creating file 'Catalina_InstallESD.part02'
creating file 'Catalina_InstallESD.part03'
creating file 'Catalina_InstallESD.part04'
creating file 'Catalina_InstallESD.part05'
creating file 'Catalina_InstallESD.part06'
creating file 'Catalina_InstallESD.part07'

Downloading open-source APFS EFI drivers used for VirtualBox 6.0 and 5.2
...even though VirtualBox version 6.1 or higher is detected.
AppleSupport-v2.0.4-RELEASE.zip          100%[===============================================================================>]  42,20K  --.-KB/s    in 0,1s    
Archive:  AppleSupport-v2.0.4-RELEASE.zip
  inflating: ApfsDriverLoader.efi    
  inflating: AppleImageLoader.efi    
  inflating: AppleUiSupport.efi      

stage: create_nvram_files

stage: create_macos_installation_files_viso
Creating EFI startup script

Creating VirtualBox 6 virtual ISO containing the
installation files from swcdn.apple.com


stage: configure_vm

stage: populate_basesystem_virtual_disk
Converting BaseSystem.dmg to BaseSystem.img

dmg2img v1.6.7 (c) vu1tur (to@vu1tur.eu.org)

Catalina_BaseSystem.dmg --> Catalina_BaseSystem.img


decompressing:
opening partition 0 ...             100.00%  ok
opening partition 1 ...             100.00%  ok
opening partition 2 ...             100.00%  ok
opening partition 3 ...             100.00%  ok
opening partition 4 ...             100.00%  ok
opening partition 5 ...             100.00%  ok
opening partition 6 ...             100.00%  ok
opening partition 7 ...             100.00%  ok

Archive successfully decompressed as Catalina_BaseSystem.img
Converting from raw image file="Catalina_BaseSystem.img" to file="Catalina_BaseSystem.vdi"...
Creating dynamic image with size 2138558464 bytes (2040MB)...

stage: create_bootable_installer_virtual_disk
Creating Catalina installation media virtual disk image.
0%...10%...20%...30%...40%...50%...60%...70%...80%...90%...100%
Medium created. UUID: 73d5bc4e-a63c-4ad0-b10e-897beb33428e

stage: populate_bootable_installer_virtual_disk

Creating VirtualBox 6 virtual ISO containing macOS Terminal script
for partitioning and populating the bootable installer virtual disk.


Starting virtual machine "macOS".
This should take a couple of minutes. If booting fails, exit the script by
pressing CTRL-C then see the documentation for information about applying
different CPU profiles in the section CPU profiles and CPUID settings.

Until the script completes, please do not manually interact with
the virtual machine.

Please press enter as directed.

Press enter when the Language window is ready.

Ensuite :

Fin de l’installation :

Waiting for the VirtualBox GUI to shut off.
Please wait      
Catalina_BaseSystem.vdi successfully detached from
the virtual machine and released from VirtualBox Manager.

stage: create_target_virtual_disk
Creating target system virtual disk image for "macOS"
0%...10%...20%...30%...40%...50%...60%...70%...80%...90%...100%
Medium created. UUID: 10868994-4a31-4af9-bc2d-0130f283870d

stage: populate_macos_target_disk

Creating VirtualBox 6 virtual ISO containing macOS Terminal scripts
for partitioning and populating the target virtual disk.

The VM will boot from the populated installer base system virtual disk.

Attempting automated recognition of virtual machine graphical user interface.
Please wait      
The second open Terminal in the virtual machine copies EFI and NVRAM files
to the target EFI system partition when the installer finishes preparing.

After the installer finishes preparing and the EFI and NVRAM files are copied,
macOS will install and boot up when booting the target disk.

Please wait

For further information, such as applying EFI and NVRAM variables to enable
iMessage connectivity, see the documentation with the following command:

  ./macos-guest-virtualbox.sh documentation | less -R

That's it! Enjoy your virtual machine.


stage: prompt_delete_temporary_files
Temporary files may be deleted when the virtual machine is powered off
and without a suspended state by executing the following command at the script's
working directory:

  ./macos-guest-virtualbox.sh prompt_delete_temporary_files

Il faut etre patient car c’est assez long :

Sur le disque :

/datadisk/VirtualBox/macos-virtualbox$ du -sh *
12K	ApfsDriverLoader.efi
12K	AppleImageLoader.efi
44K	AppleSupport-v2.0.4-RELEASE.zip
48K	AppleUiSupport.efi
4,0K	Catalina_AppleDiagnostics.chunklist
3,1M	Catalina_AppleDiagnostics.dmg
4,0K	Catalina_BaseSystem.chunklist
476M	Catalina_BaseSystem.dmg
1,6G	Catalina_BaseSystem.vdi
9,2G	Catalina_bootable_installer.vdi
4,0K	Catalina_installation_files.viso
7,3G	Catalina_InstallESDDmg.pkg
954M	Catalina_InstallESD.part00
954M	Catalina_InstallESD.part01
954M	Catalina_InstallESD.part02
954M	Catalina_InstallESD.part03
954M	Catalina_InstallESD.part04
954M	Catalina_InstallESD.part05
954M	Catalina_InstallESD.part06
704M	Catalina_InstallESD.part07
4,0K	Catalina_InstallInfo.plist
20K	LICENSE
4,0K	macOS_bootinst.txt
4,0K	macOS_configure_nvram.txt
4,0K	macOS_csr-active-config.bin
80K	macos-guest-virtualbox.sh
4,0K	macOS_MLB.bin
4,0K	macOS_populate_bootable_installer_virtual_disk.viso
4,0K	macOS_populate_macos_target_disk.viso
4,0K	macOS_ROM.bin
324K	macOS_screenshot.png
4,0K	macOS_startosinstall.txt
4,0K	macOS_startup.nsh
4,0K	macOS_system-id.bin
11G	macOS.vdi
8,0K	README.md

/datadisk/VirtualBox/macos-virtualbox$ du -sh 
40G	.

Il faut donc beaucoup d’espace disque pour faire l’installation ….

J’ai donc réussi !

Ménage sur la fin :

/datadisk/VirtualBox/macos-virtualbox$ ./macos-guest-virtualbox.sh prompt_delete_temporary_files

Catalina selected to be downloaded and installed

stage: prompt_delete_temporary_files
The following temporary files are safe to delete:

ApfsDriverLoader.efi		     Catalina_BaseSystem.vdi	       Catalina_InstallESD.part04   macOS_MLB.bin
AppleImageLoader.efi		     Catalina_bootable_installer.vdi   Catalina_InstallESD.part05   macOS_populate_bootable_installer_virtual_disk.viso
AppleSupport-v2.0.4-RELEASE.zip      Catalina_installation_files.viso  Catalina_InstallESD.part06   macOS_populate_macos_target_disk.viso
AppleUiSupport.efi		     Catalina_InstallESDDmg.pkg        Catalina_InstallESD.part07   macOS_ROM.bin
Catalina_AppleDiagnostics.chunklist  Catalina_InstallESD.part00        Catalina_InstallInfo.plist   macOS_screenshot.png
Catalina_AppleDiagnostics.dmg	     Catalina_InstallESD.part01        macOS_bootinst.txt	    macOS_startosinstall.txt
Catalina_BaseSystem.chunklist	     Catalina_InstallESD.part02        macOS_configure_nvram.txt    macOS_startup.nsh
Catalina_BaseSystem.dmg		     Catalina_InstallESD.part03        macOS_csr-active-config.bin  macOS_system-id.bin

Delete temporary files listed above? [y/N] y

/datadisk/VirtualBox/macos-virtualbox$ du -sh 
26G	.

TUXEDO InfinityBook Pro 14 v5 : Migration de Ubuntu 18.04 vers Ubuntu 20.04

97 x served & 11 x viewed

Avant la migration j’avais ceci comme kernel:

Linux CYBERNEURONES 5.4.0-64-generic #72~18.04.1-Ubuntu SMP Fri Jan 15 14:06:34 UTC 2021 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

Début de la migration vers 10h18:

$ head /var/log/dist-upgrade/main.log
2021-01-28 10:18:23,079 INFO Using config files '['./DistUpgrade.cfg.bionic', '/etc/update-manager/release-upgrades.d/opera-stable.cfg']'
2021-01-28 10:18:23,079 INFO uname information: 'Linux CYBERNEURONES 5.4.0-64-generic #72~18.04.1-Ubuntu SMP Fri Jan 15 14:06:34 UTC 2021 x86_64'
2021-01-28 10:18:23,604 INFO apt version: '1.6.12ubuntu0.2'
2021-01-28 10:18:23,604 INFO python version: '3.6.9 (default, Oct  8 2020, 12:12:24) 
[GCC 8.4.0]'
2021-01-28 10:18:23,609 INFO release-upgrader version '20.04.29' started
2021-01-28 10:18:23,670 INFO locale: 'fr_FR' 'UTF-8'
2021-01-28 10:18:23,857 DEBUG Using 'DistUpgradeViewGtk3' view
2021-01-28 10:18:23,900 DEBUG enable dpkg --force-overwrite
2021-01-28 10:18:23,915 DEBUG creating statefile: '/var/log/dist-upgrade/apt-clone_system_state.tar.gz'

Fin de l’installation vers 13h18:

# ls -l /var/log/dist-upgrade/
total 7080
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root    4096 janv. 28 10:18 20210128-1018
-rw------- 1 root root 1158915 janv. 28 10:18 apt-clone_system_state.tar.gz
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4201420 janv. 28 13:17 apt.log
-rw-r----- 1 root adm  1025950 janv. 28 13:10 apt-term.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  209716 janv. 28 10:57 eipp.log.xz
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  394960 janv. 28 13:10 history.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root    2081 janv. 28 10:18 lspci.txt
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  228804 janv. 28 13:18 main.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root       0 avril  5  2020 main.log.partial
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root       0 janv. 28 10:18 term.log

Quelques captures d’écrans :

A suivre, mais maintenant j’ai la dernière version de VirtualBox 6.1 .

Ubuntu : Crash de update-manager

89 x served & 20 x viewed

J’avais donc des crash de update-manage, j’ai donc utilisé plusieurs méthodes vu sur Google.

Voici le crash que j’avais :

$ update-manager 
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/bin/update-manager", line 28, in 
    import gi
  File "/usr/lib/python3/dist-packages/gi/__init__.py", line 42, in 
    from . import _gi
ImportError: cannot import name '_gi' from partially initialized module 'gi' (most likely due to a circular import) (/usr/lib/python3/dist-packages/gi/__init__.py)

$ cd /usr/lib/python3/dist-packages/gi/
/usr/lib/python3/dist-packages/gi$ ls *.so
_gi_cairo.cpython-36m-x86_64-linux-gnu.so
_gi.cpython-36m-x86_64-linux-gnu.so
_gi.cpython-37m-x86_64-linux-gnu.so

Solution 1 :

$ sudo apt-get install --reinstall dbus python-dbus python3-dbus

=> Echec.

Solution 2 :

$ sudo apt purge update-manager && sudo apt install update-manager

=> Echec.

Solution 3 :

$ sudo rm  /usr/bin/python3
$ sudo ln -s /usr/bin/python3.6 /usr/bin/python3

Avant j’avais (python3 -> python3.8) et maintenant j’ai (python3 -> python3.6)

==> Réussite (partielle).

$ update-manager 
WARNING:root:can not import unity GI Namespace Dbusmenu not available
Gtk-Message: 09:25:18.817: GtkDialog mapped without a transient parent. This is discouraged.
debconf: DbDriver "passwords" warning: could not open /var/cache/debconf/passwords.dat: Permission denied
Use of uninitialized value $template in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/Template.pm line 86, <> line 9.
Use of uninitialized value $item in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/DbDriver/Cache.pm line 40, <> line 9.
Use of uninitialized value $item in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/DbDriver/Cache.pm line 40, <> line 9.
Use of uninitialized value $template in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/Template.pm line 86, <> line 21.
Use of uninitialized value $item in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/DbDriver/Cache.pm line 40, <> line 21.
Use of uninitialized value $item in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/DbDriver/Cache.pm line 40, <> line 21.
Use of uninitialized value $template in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/Template.pm line 86, <> line 25.
Use of uninitialized value $item in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/DbDriver/Cache.pm line 40, <> line 25.
Use of uninitialized value $item in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/DbDriver/Cache.pm line 40, <> line 25.
debconf: DbDriver "passwords" warning: could not open /var/cache/debconf/passwords.dat: Permission denied
Use of uninitialized value $template in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/Template.pm line 86, <> line 12.
Use of uninitialized value $item in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/DbDriver/Cache.pm line 40, <> line 12.
Use of uninitialized value $item in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/DbDriver/Cache.pm line 40, <> line 12.
Use of uninitialized value $template in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/Template.pm line 86, <> line 16.
Use of uninitialized value $item in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/DbDriver/Cache.pm line 40, <> line 16.
Use of uninitialized value $item in exists at /usr/share/perl5/Debconf/DbDriver/Cache.pm line 40, <> line 16.
debconf: DbDriver "passwords" warning: could not open /var/cache/debconf/passwords.dat: Permission denied
debconf: DbDriver "passwords" warning: could not open /var/cache/debconf/passwords.dat: Permission denied
debconf: DbDriver "passwords" warning: could not open /var/cache/debconf/passwords.dat: Permission denied
...

Ubuntu : Itunes via Wine : rien de bon …

213 x served & 26 x viewed

J’ai essayé l’installation de iTunes avec Wine sous Ubuntu.

Les versions :

J’ai eu une seule erreur, c’est lors de l’installation des fonts. Pour la fixer j’ai du faire la modification du checkum. L’erreur c’était : sha256sum mismatch! Rename .cache/winetricks/PowerPointViewer/PowerPointViewer.exe and try again.

sudo sed -i -e s/249473568eba7a1e4f95498acba594e0f42e6581add4dead70c1dfb908a09423/e17cb384eeac4caf08a4f5d4bceb9697fff83fa942d2a3d9ad0294a9b1774390/g /usr/bin/winetricks

L’installation des fonts :

sudo apt install winetricks
winetricks allfonts

Sachant que l’installation suivante permet d’eviter des problèmes de checksum :

sudo apt-get remove winetricks
wget  https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Winetricks/winetricks/master/src/winetricks
chmod +x winetricks 
sudo mv -v winetricks /usr/bin

L’espace que cela prend sur le disque :

$ du -sh .cache/winetricks/
350M .cache/winetricks/
$ du -sh .wine/
1,9G .wine/

Quand je lance iTunes j’ai un joli carré noir :

Bref c’est pas le top. J’ai donc lancé winecfg pour modifier et passer de Windows 7 à Windows XP.

Avec Windows XP pas de lancement de iTunes, j’ai donc mis Windows 8.1 et Windows 10 (toujours noir).

Ensuite j’ai essayé de mettre Steam :

Crash …